Rameswaram - Ramanathasamy temple
The shrine was housed in a thatched hut until the 12th century and the First Masonry Structure was built by the King Parakrama Bahu of Sri Lanka. He constructed the Sanctum around Sri Ramanathaswamy, Sri Viswanathar and Sri Visalakshi. The Setupathy rulers of Ramanathapuram completed the rest of the temple. Udaya Sethupathy and one Vaishya from Nagapattinam built the stone tower of the West Gate and the compound wall. Much of the additions were carried out between the 12th and the 16th centuries.
 
The contribution of the kings of the Sethupathy dynasty to the temple was considerable. Especially to be remembered are the immense sums that were spent during the tenure of Pradani Muthirulappa Pillai towards the restoration of the Pagodas which were falling into ruins, the splendid Chockattan Mantapam or the cloistered precincts of the temple at Rameshwaram that he finally completed. The temple was repaired and substantial portions reconstructed by the Nagarathars of Devakottai, especially the Zamindari family.[citation needed].
 
Ramanathaswamy Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to god Shiva located in the island of Rameswaram in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. According to Shaiva mythology, god Rama is believed to have prayed to Shiva here to absolve any sins that he might have committed during his war against the demon king Ravana. The temple along with Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the holiest Hindu Char Dham shrines that has to be visited in one's lifetime and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas the holy abodes of Lord Shiva.
As you enter the main eastern entrance there is around the temple, large pillars that are elaborately designed and carved. If you proceed straight from the east entrance you come to the huge Nandi- bull carrier of Lord Siva. You then come to the Ramanathaswami Shiva shrine. In the principal sanctum (altar) is the linga of Sri Ramanatha. This is the lingam that Sita made and Rama sanctified. The Viswa-linga, installed by Hanuman, is to the right of the Ramanatha-lingam, on an altar along the north wall. Vishalakshi, his consort, is next to him on another altar. The shrine of Parvathavardhini, the consort of Sri Ramanatha, is to the left of Rama-lingam.

Behind the Sri Ramanatha shrine, between the second and third walls, is a shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu called Setu Madhava. Tradition says that if you bathe in the tank near this shrine and worship the Lord Vishnu deity, you receive all the benefits of bathing in Setu Theertham.

Like all ancient temples in South India, there is a high compound wall (madil) on all four sides of the temple premises measuring about 865 feet furlong from east to west and one furlongs of 657 feet from north to south with huge towers (Gopurams) at the east and west and finished gate towers on the north and south. The temple has striking long corridors in its interior, running between huge colonnades on platforms above five feet high.

The junction of the third corridor on the west and the paved way leading from the western gopuram to Setumadhava shrine forms a unique structure in the form of chess board and it is popularly known as Chokkattan Madapam where the Utsva deities are adorned and kept during the Vasntotsavam (Spring festival) and on the 6th day festival in Adi (July-August) and Masi (February-March) conducted by the Setupati of Ramnad.
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Total area : 15 acre
East tower: 126 feet tall made up of nine tiers
West tower: 78 feet tall made up of nine tiers
North and south towers: Under construction
South wing length: 690 feet
North wing length : 649 feet
East wing length : 430 feet
West Wing length : 395 feet
Total number of pillars : 1212
Height of Corridor : 22 feet 7 inch

The outer set of corridors is reputed to be the longest in the word being about 400 feet in each in the east and west and about 640 feet in north and south and inner corridors are about 224 feet in east and west and about 352 feet each in north and south. Their width varies from 15.5 feet to 17 feet in the east and west about 172 feet on the north and south with width varying 14.5 feet to 17 feet. The total length of those corridors is thus 3850 feet. There are about 1200 pillars in the outer corridor. Their height is about 27 feet from the floor to the center of the roof.

INSIDE THE TEMPLE
  • Ramanathaswami Shrine
  • Viswanatha Shrine
  • Visalakshi Shrine
  • Parvathavardhini
  • Utsava Idols
  • Sayanagriha
  • Perumal Shrine
  • Santanaganpathi
  • Sukravara Mandapam
  • Mahaganapathi Shrine
  • Subrahmanya Shrine
  • Sethumadhava Shrine
  • Ramalinga Pratishta
  • Natraja Shrine
  • Anjaneya Shrine
  • Sethupathi Mandapam
  • Anuppu Mandapam
  • Mahalaxmi Shrine
  • Kalyana Mandapam
  • Nandi Mandapam
  • Gandhamadanaparvatam
  • Arilmigu Kothandaramar Temple
There are 22 holy theerthams inside and several others around the temple. These theerthams are said to possess medicinal properties. The Theerthams inside the Temple Corridor are

1. Mahalakshmi Theertham :
Location: West of the Hanuman Temple.
12. Sakkara Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor.
2. Savithri Theertham :
Location: West of the Hanuman Temple.
13. Brahmahathia Vimochana Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor.
3. Gayathri Theertham:
Location: West of the Hanuman Temple
14. Suriya Theertham :
Location: Inner corridor of the Temple.
4. Saraswathi Theertham:
Location: West of the Hanuman Temple
15. Chandra Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor
5. Sethu madhava Theertham :
Location: The Tank at the third corridor
16. Ganga Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor
6. Gandhamadana Theertham :
Location: Near Sethumadhava Temple
17. Yamuna Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor
7. Kavatcha Theertham :
Location: Near Sethumadhava Temple
18. Gaya Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor
8. Gavaya Theertham :
Location: Near Sethumadhava Temple.
19. Siva Theertham :
Location: South of Nandi mandapam
9. Nala Theertham :
Location: Near Sethumadhava Temple.
20. Sathyamirtha Theertham :
Location: At the Amman Sannathi
10. Neela Theertham :
Location: Near Sethumadhava Temple
21. Sarva Theertham :
Location: In front of Lord Ramanatha sannathi
11. Sanku Theertham :
Location: Inner side of second corridor.
22. Kodi Theertham :
Location: In the first corridor of the Temple.
The Theerthams Outside the Temple Corridor
1. Vedhala Varatham Theertham :
Location: South of Mandapam.
18. Nahula Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham
2. Papa Vinasa Theertham :
Location: South of Mandapam.
19. Sahadeva Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham

3. Bhairava Theertham :
Location: In Pamban

20. Draupathi Theertham :
Location: Near Sri Bhadrakali Temple
4. Kabhi Theertham :
Location: In Pamban
21. Brahma Theertham :
Location: Near Sri Bhadrakali Temple
5. Seetha Theertham :
Location: Western side of Thangachimadam
22. Hanumagunda Theertham :
Location: near Sri Bhadrakali Temple
6. Mangala Theertham :
Location: Western side of Thangachimadam
23. Naga Theertham :
Location: North-East of the Temple at the Devasthana madam
7. Amirtha Valli Theertham :
Location: In Sri Ekanda Ramaswamy Temple
24. Agasthiya Theertham :
Location: Western side of the Temple
8. Rana Vimochana Theertham :
Location: North of Sri Ekanda Ramaswamy temple.
25. Jadayu Theertham :
On the way to Dhanuskodi
9. Lakshmana Theertham :
On the Rameshwaram -Pamban Road
26. Dhanushkodi Theertham :
Location: The sea in Dhanuskodi(Confluence of the Rivers Rathnaharam and Mahodathi).
10. Rama Theertham :
On the Rameshwaram -Pamban Road
27. Deva Theertham :
Location: Opposite to the Temple
11. Sugreeva Theertham :
On the way to Ganthamathana Parvatham
28 Saravana Theertham
Location: -
12. Angatha Theertham :
On the way to Ganthamathana Parvatham
29 Kumuthan Theertham
Location: -
13. Jambava Theertham :
On the way to Ganthamathana Parvatham.
30 Haran Theertham
Location: -
14. Gandhamadhana Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham
31 Panagan Theertham
Location: In front of the Temple
Panja Pandava Theertham(15-19)
15. Dharma Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham
32. Vibeeshana Theertham :
Location: In front the Temple
16. Bhima Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham
33. Agnitheertham :
The calm shallow water-spread of the sea, 100 meters in front of the temple
17. Arjuna Theertham :
On the way to Gandhamadhana Parvatham
34. Villoondi Theertham
Villoondi when literally translated stands for ‘buried bow’.

Villoondi Theertham
This place is located 7 kilometers from the main temple on the way to Pamban. According to legend, this sacred spot is significant because it was here Lord Rama quenched thirst of Sita by dipping the bow into the sea water. Even to this day, tourists throng this place to see where potable water is available within the vicinity of sea water.
The temple remains open from 5am to 1pm and from 3 pm to 9 pm. 'Poojas' are performed six times on a normal day. There are additional 'poojas' on special days. In addition it is possible to arrange special 'pooja' on behalf of devotees by paying appropriate fees at the 'Devasthanam' office.

Palliayarai ( Sayanagriha) Procession of Swami and the Palliyarai Puja for Swami and Ambal in the Sayanagriha in Ambal Shrine are performed between 8.45 and 9.00 pm. .

Details of Pooja Timing

1. Palliarai Deepa Aradhana
2. Spadigalinga Deepa Aradhana
3. Thiruvananthal Deepa Ardthana
4. Vila Pooja
5. Kalasanthi Pooja
6. Uchikala Pooja
7. Sayaratcha Pooja
8. Arthajama Pooja
9. Palliarai Pooja
: 5.00 am
: 5.10 am
: 5.45 am
: 7.00 am
: 10.00am
: 12.00 Noon
: 6.00 pm
: 8.30 pm
: 8.45 pm

In Rameswaram Temple, a spiritual "Mani Darisanam" happens in early morning everyday. This "Mani" is made of "spatikam"[a precious stone] and in form of "Holy shivling". according to ved this is "Mani" of "sheshnag"

Name of Offering

Amount in Rs

1008 Kalasa Abhishekam 5000
1008 Sangha Abhishekam 5000
108 Kalasa abhishekam 1000
108 Sangha Abhishekam 1000
Rudrabhishekam 900
Panchamritabhishekam 750
Gangabhishekam with ganga vessal 30
Swami archana 5
Ambal archana 5
Ambal gold car procession 2000
Ambal gold Palanquin procession 3000
Milk Abhishekam(one lit)Excluding milk 25
Rose water abhishekam 25
excluding rose water
Koditheertha abhishekam per lit 25
Vibhoothi abhishekam 500g 25
Excluding vibhoothi -
Vadamalai and other nivadhyam 100
Swami Nagaparanam 200
Swami sahasranama archanai 200
Ambal Sahasranama archanai 200
Rudrajapam per head 25
22 theerthams taking bath per head 7
Silver car procession 7500
Panchamoorthi procession (Rishba vahanam) 10,000

The main festivals celebrated at Rameswaram temple are:

Sivarathri for 10 days (February-March)
The important events/items during this festival include
Rishaba Vaahana Dharshan
Mahasivarathri Abishekam
Silver Chariot

Vasanthotsavam - (May - June) - 10 days

Ramalinga Prathishtai - (May – June) - 3 days

Thirukkalyanam - (July-August) - 17days
The important events/items during this festival include
Rishaba Vaahanam
Silver Chariot
Thabasu Day
Sayanasevai on Golden Pallakku
Thirukkalyana Day

Navarathri Festival- Dasara - (September - October) - 10 days
(Vijayadasami Day)

Skantha Sashti - (October - November) - 6 days

Aarudhira Dharshna - (December- January) - 10 days

In addition to these there are other weekly and monthly 'poojas' conducted on special days based on Hindu calendar.

 
 
The Kashi of South India
Rameswaram - The Story Behind
Geographical Details
One of the Dhams (Abode)
• Ramanathaswamy Temple
· History
· Architecture
· 22 Theerthams
· Other Theerthams
· Pooja Timings
· Offerings
· Main Festivals
Rameswaram - Shells
Dhanuskodi – The Land’s End
Other Places to See
· Agni Theertham
· Villondi tirtham
· Jada Theertham
· Jatayu tirtham
· Lakshmana Tirtham
· Sukreevar Theertham
· Gandamadana Parvatha
· Hanuman Temple
· Badrakaliamman Temple
· Kothandaramaswamy temple
· Nambunayagiamman Temple
· Five Faced Hanuman Temple
· Mandapam & Pamban
· Devipattinam
· Sethu Karai
· Rama sethu
· Kurusadai Island
· Kundukal
· Thirupullani
· Erwadi Dargha 
· Oriyur Church
Tallest TV Transmission Tower
Solar eclipse of January 15, 2010
 
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